Department of Clinical Sciences
Email: email@example.com; Phone:607-253-3778
Sponsor: American Humane Association
Grant Number: N/A
Title: Ecological Drivers of Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) Dynamics in Ujung Kulon National Park, Indonesia
Annual Direct Cost: $4,000
Project Period: 1/1/2014-3/31/2014
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Infectious disease is a potent conservation threat to wildlife populations worldwide, causing local extirpation, modulating community dynamics, and decreasing host ranges. Disease surveillance, risk assessment, and impact prediction of outbreaks is crucial to the effective conservation of critically endangered wildlife populations. This study will assess ecological and livestock management drivers of anthrax dynamics in Ujung Kulon National Park (UKNP) of Java, Indonesia, where the single remaining wild population of the critically endangered Javan rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus) persists. The rhino population is highly susceptible to the stochastic effects of disease: the population size is small (27-44 individuals), it is sympatric with putative reservoir hosts for B. anthracis, and B. anthracis is a multihost, environmentally resistant pathogen. The threat posed to the rhino population by B. anthracis is thus poorly characterized. We will elucidate the distribution, prevalence and risk factors for exposure to B. anthracis in the sympatric water buffalo population, while furthering environmental surveillance for B. anthracis.