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5th Zoonotic Diseases Symposium
September 5-7, 2014

Friday, September 5

5-6PM Symposium Registration and George C Poppensiek Reception
6-7PM Poppensiek Lecture:  One World, One Health: From Science to Policy to Action at the Wildlife/Domestic Animal/Human Health & Livelihood Interface – Steve Osofsky, DVM  

Saturday, September 6

7:30-8AM Symposium Registration and Breakfast
8-9 AM Veterinary Drugs, Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Safety: FDA CVM’s Antimicrobial Resistance Policy – Craig Lewis, DVM, MPH, DACVPM
Antimicrobial resistance concerns predate the modern Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act, and during FDA’s long involvement with this issue there have been great changes in both science and policy. CVM’s current strategy to promote the judicious use of medically important antimicrobials in food-producing animals was developed within this context, and with careful consideration of current information and regulatory options. CVM is currently pursuing a strategy to work with animal pharmaceutical companies to voluntarily remove production indications from medically important antimicrobials used in the feed and water of food-producing animals, and to bring the remaining therapeutic uses of these products under veterinary oversight. Guidance for Industry (GFI) #213 was published December 12, 2013, which began the three-year implementation of this strategy. CVM will monitor the success of this strategy and consider further action as warranted for addressing matters related to the safety of approved new animal drugs.
9-10 AM Raw Milk and Raw Milk Dairy Products: Health Food or Important Vehicle for Zoonoses Transmission – Martin Wiedmann, Dr. med. vet, PhD
Some individuals believe that raw milk and dairy products made from raw milk have considerable health benefits, while many public health officials advise against consumption of these products due to the risk of zoonotic disease transmission. This presentation will present a summary of our current understanding of the transmission of zoonotic diseases through raw milk and dairy products made from raw milk (e.g., raw milk cheeses) and will also touch on whether there is convincing evidence of health benefits of raw milk and dairy products made from raw milk.
10-11 AM Backyard to Table: Suburban Farming and Foodborne Parasites – Alice Lee, DVM
The rising popularity of backyard farming brings an increased risk for foodborne parasites due to differences in management practices and pathogen exposure. This presentation will discuss zoonotic parasites transmitted through meat and vegetables, and ways to prevent infection.

11-12 PM Backyard Chickens, Zoonoses, and The Public Health – Jarra Jagne, DVM, DACPV
Raising chickens, turkeys, ducks and other poultry species for eggs, meat and even as pets have become increasingly popular in the US. Poultry can be infected with viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic agents that are zoonotic pathogens. The presentation will focus on these zoonotic pathogens and the infection and what can be done to prevent transmission of disease from poultry to humans.
12-1 PM Lunch
1-2 PM Live Animal Markets and Zoonoses – Joy Bennett, DVM, MPH, DACVPM
Live animal markets, where poultry and livestock are held for sale and slaughter, are typically found in large cities. These markets are preferred by some populations for a variety of reasons including cultural, religious or culinary preferences. Practices specific to live animal markets may pose some rather unique opportunities for transmission of zoonotic diseases. Live poultry markets have been implicated in the introduction and maintenance of avian influenza viruses in the poultry population. The focus of this presentation will be on avian influenza in the live poultry markets, the associated risks to public health, and the steps that can be taken to prevent and control spread of disease.
2-3 PM Lessons learned from West Nile Virus: Integration of Host, Vector, and Environmental Studies – Alexander Ciota, MS, PhD
West Nile virus (WNV; Flavivirus; Flaviviridae) is the cause of the most widespread arthropod-borne viral disease in the world, and the largest outbreak of neuroinvasive disease ever observed. Mosquito-borne outbreaks are influenced by intrinsic (e.g., host and viral genetics, vector and host competence, vector life-history traits) and extrinsic (e.g., temperature, rainfall, human land use) factors that affect virus activity and mosquito/host biology in complex ways. This presentation will focus on how WNV surveillance and research over the last 15 years have informed our understanding of the complex interactions between these factors, how they affect transmission of vector-borne disease, and how they impact human health.
3-4 PM Dogs, Ticks, and Lyme Disease: A One Medicine Perspective – Susan Little, DVM, PhD, DACVM
Nationwide monitoring of canine exposure to Borrelia burgdorferi, the primary agent of Lyme borreliosis in people and dogs in North America, enhances understanding about the geographic distribution of transmission cycles for this pathogen. This presentation will share current data on the geographic distribution of Lyme borreliosis, discuss some of the variables that appear to influence the ecologic patterns and processes seen, and briefly describe other tick-borne pathogens cycling in nature which present an infection risk to both pets and people.
4-5 PM Catching a Tiger by the Tail: Wildlife, Restraint, and Zoonotic Diseases – Noha Abou-Madi, DVM, MSc, DACZM
This activity will introduce individuals to skills that can be used in the backyard. Learn how to safely catch and anesthetize troublesome wildlife, how to handle birds with broken bones, how to identify common parasites in fecal samples, and how to reduce ticks in the backyard. Test your knowledge of wildlife zoonoses in fun games, too!

Sunday, September 7

7:30-8 AM Breakfast
8-9 AM Human Health Impacts of Ecological Degradation: Rethinking Public Health in the Anthropocene – Steve Osofsky, DVM
Homo 'sapiens' is transforming the structure and function of Earth’s natural systems, including its land cover, rivers, oceans, biogeochemical cycles, and climate system without signs of abatement. There is growing evidence that changes in the state of natural systems will have increasingly numerous impacts on human health, some quite direct and some mediated through complex causal pathways. We urgently need a new branch of environmental health that is focused on characterizing the public health impacts of anthropogenic alterations in the structure and function of Earth’s natural systems, as planetary boundaries are encroached upon and breached: these health impacts simply cannot remain in the realm of vague and poorly quantified externalities, given their increasingly global significance. This envisioned new field is inherently accompanied by an important environmental justice / inter-generational equity issue, in that most of the burdens associated with increased degradation of natural systems will be experienced by the poor and by future generations. In short, we urgently need to develop a body of evidence that addresses the public health implications of changes in the state of natural systems. Employing a science to policy to action agenda, earnest and perhaps unprecedented levels of interdisciplinary collaboration must be operationalized to influence the substantial global effort to improve the health of poor populations while simultaneously catalyzing the management of natural systems for goods and services, and for conservation.
9-10 AM Two Years of Ebola Viral Disease Outbreaks: Life as an Epidemiologist at the CDC – Ilana Schafer, DVM, MSPH
This lecture will focus on the CDC’s Epidemic Intelligence Service and how veterinarians can get involved. It will also take the audience through the different components in the response to an Ebola Viral Disease outbreak, and summarize the outbreaks that have occurred in the past two years.
10-11 AM Reducing Disease Risks from Suburban Wildlife – Paul Curtis, MS, PhD
Many wildlife species are common in suburban settings, and some may transmit diseases to people or pets. Lyme and other tick-borne diseases are increasingly common. Rabies-vector species (raccoons, skunks, bats, and foxes) may also frequent our yards and homes. I will share information on wildlife ecology and recent applied research to reduce disease risks associated with urban wildlife. The presentation will focus on practical management applications for important wildlife species.

11-12 PM Zooeyia: An Essential Component of One Health – Kate Hodgson, DVM, MHSc, CCMEP
The worldwide One Health initiative is dedicated to improving the health of all species — human and animal —through the integration of human health care and veterinary medicine. One Health is not limited to the prevention of zoonoses; it also encompasses the human health benefits from animals- Zooeyia. Zooeyia includes the physical, emotional and community benefits of companion animals share with their families. Zooeyia is the positive inverse of zoonosis.
12-1 PM Lunch and Roundtables